39o30' N; 63o50' E
Name of individual Silk Roads component property: Poykent
Brief description of the component property:
Poykent is located in the lower stream of Zarafshan River and was one of the largest cities of the oasis. The city was consisted of citadel, two sites of ancient settlement and rabod (suburb). According to the archaeological researches, this place was found as a small village in the IV century B.C. and later was transformed into fortress. At that period being as trading place, this city connected Southern countries (Bactria, India, Iran) with Northern countries (Front of Ural, Coast of Volga, Northern Caucus) and Poykent was one of the important military and trade centre of the Western borders of the Sogd. Due to the development of the Great Silk Road and joining with Poykent fortress have been found first and second sites of ancient settlement. Hence was found the city Poykent. According to Chinese chronicles, this city was under the "An" (Bukhara) kingdom and was the centre of "Bi" khanate. Also was noted that in Poykent was not khokim (governor), the city was ruled by traders' council and in full sense of the word the city was the republic in the VI-VII century. The scientists of Institute of Archaeology of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan carrying out scientific researches in ruins of the city for a long times. As a result, Zoroastrian temples, palace and the mosque, built by IX century, and remnants of tower were found in citadel. In the inner part of city were discovered defensive walls, gate, roads and remains of quarters (makhallas), while in outside of rabads the city - potter centers and caravanserais. According to the researchers, due to inaccessibility of lower flaw of Zarafshon River, the city seized existence in the middle of the IX century.
Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property
Monument preserved in good condition.
Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected).
Poykent was one of the largest and old cities in Central Asia. According to the archaeological researches, this place was found as a small village in the IV century B.C. and later was transformed into fortress. VIII century here were more built 2-3 floors living houses. Poykent connection city north and south cities to each other.