Haci Bektas Veli Complex
Justification of Outstanding Universal Value
Bektashism, developed on the philosophy of Haci Bektas Veli in the 13th century, is a belief system which has been followed by many believers not only in Anatolia, but also in the Balkans and the Middle East. The words of 13th century philosopher Haci Bektas Veli are such as to giving messages to 8 centuries later that they also coincide with the “Un-Declaration of Human Rights” which was accepted in 1948.
Haci Bektas Veli had great influence on the turkization of Anatolia as well as establishment of Ottoman Empire. He is a leader which is also known and respected by the people of Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Hungary and Romania.
The special ceremony named “Semah” and the ritual meeting of “Cem” are important components of Alevi and Bektashi society which are still performed in the 21st century.
Figures in Semah, which represent the movement of a bird (crane) and circulation of planets around the sun, was inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on the 16th November 2010.
Criterion (iii): Haci Bektas Veli Complex is recognized as the center of Bektashism and is one of the very rare order complexes that maintained most of its features. Many symbols used in the structuring of the building represent main philosophies of the order. It is aimed to shape the physical life in the light of the spirituality by means of adapting the motives of Bektashism into the architecture and interior design of the Complex.
Upright triangle used in motive of Suleyman’s Stamp in the 1st courtyard represents the water i.e. truth; reverse triangle represents the fire, i.e. false, meaning the life is all about the conflict between the truths and falses. The rose motive in the middle symbolizes synthesis and love.Timber ceilings of Cem Room and Meydancı Baba Room were constructed by bingi technique in which the crossway beams were attached to each other representing the nine levels of the celestial sphere. The doors of the building are mainly in small dimensions to ensure bowing while entering. 12 peltries laid on the three-sided coaches of Cem Room symbolize 12 imams, representing stages and ranks on the religion way and emphasizing to be removed from arrogance and to be modest while the rank rises.
Criterion (vi): Haci Bektas Veli Complex is directly and intangibly related with Bektashism and of outstanding universal value due to the reasons that the 13th century words of Haci Bektas Veli coincides with the “Un-Declaration of Human Rights” of 20th century; rituals of Cem and Semah are still executed by the followers in the 21th century and the Complex was the center where this philosophy was founded and disseminated to the world. The Complex is also recognized as the belief center by the Alevi and Bektashi people.