Ancient settlement of Zhankent
摘要: Zhankent或Yangikent是“沼泽定居点”的中心，位于现代城市Kazalinsk附近现在咸海已经干涸的土地上。 在十世纪，Ibn Hawqal将Yangikent市确定为Oghuz州的首府，并成为该时期Syrdarya地区最大的定居点。 这个城市的战略性处置，靠近中亚的一些绿洲定居点，解释了在那里设立奥古兹统治者首都的原因。 该定居点的领土几乎呈矩形，中央区域高度为100x100米，周 ...
The settlement of Zhankent or Yangikent was the center of so-called “swamp settlement” situated on the territory of now dry part of Aral Sea near modern city of Kazalinsk. In X century, Ibn Hawqal identifies the city of Yangikent as a capital of Oghuz state and as the biggest settlement on the territory of lower Syrdarya of that period. Strategic disposition of the city, close to some sedentary oasis of Central Asia, explains the decision to establish there the capital of Oghuz rulers. The territory of the settlement had almost rectangular form and an elevated central area of 100x100 meters and was surrounded by a wall that now has about 8 meters.
Zhankent或Yangikent是“沼泽定居点”的中心，位于现代城市Kazalinsk附近现在咸海已经干涸的土地上。 在十世纪，Ibn Hawqal将Yangikent市确定为Oghuz州的首府，并成为该时期Syrdarya地区最大的定居点。 这个城市的战略性处置，靠近中亚的一些绿洲定居点，解释了在那里设立奥古兹统治者首都的原因。 该定居点的领土几乎呈矩形，中央区域高度为100x100米，周围有一堵墙，现在大约有8米。
Ancient settlement of Zhankent (I-XVIII centuries)
The component is located 20 km south-west from the city Kazaly (Kazalinsk) and 500 m to the south from the village of Zhankent (ancient name – Urkendeu). It is dated by the period from the I century B.C. to the XVIII century.
The ancient settlement has the shape of 375х225 m in size. The citadel has the size of 100х100 m and the height of 7-8 m. The remained archaeological ruins of the city include the main street connecting the gates on the eastern and western walls. In 1986 the scientific archaeological expedition discovered the burial ground of Myntobe dated by the period from I century BC to the XVIII century AC and consisting of hundreds of burials on the northern end of the ancient settlement. The people here have been buried from the first centuries BC to the XVIII century. The latest archaeological researches started in 2006 discovered the streets and houses of XII-XIII centuries on the territory of shakhristan. A pagan Oguz altar of XI-XII centuries found in one of the rooms had the “protoms” in the form of lamb heads.
The first written sources on the city of Zhankent were the texts of Arabic and Persian historians and travellers in X-XI centuries. Throughout the next six centuries, the city was present in the Arabic and Persian historical sources. After that, Zhankent (also called Yangikent) was not only the capital of Oguz State, but also the residence of their governor “Yabgu" and the largest fortified and trading centre in the middle course of the Syrdarya River. This role of the component is explained by its geographical position in the corridor connecting the steppe area of Central Kazakhstan with Central Asia and the Middle East, on the one hand, and the regions of Khorezm, Aral Sea, Caucasus, and the Mediterranean on the other side. During the XVII-XVIII centuries the city was a residence of the Kazakh khans.
The ancient settlement of Zhankent has the official status of the site of the national value. The State Public Institution for the “Protection of Historical and Cultural Sites of the Kyzylorda Region” of the Department of Culture, Archives and Documentation of the Kyzylorda Region is responsible for the administrative management of the component.